Lala Mustafa Paşa Mosque (St Nicholas Cathedral)

The former Latin cathedral of St Nicholas, is one of the most impressive Frankish buildings still to survive in the Near East.
The cathedral of St. Nicholas / Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque was commenced in 1300 AD. It must be noted that the great cathedrals of the Middle Ages often took more than 100 years to complete, so was St. Nicholas was completed about 1400.
The Gothic style of architecture closely resembles the great cathedral of Rheims in Paris, France.
There are three entrances at the western end, and above each of them is a plinth, which is assumed to be for a statue, although there are no records to prove this. Above the main door is a large round window with decorative tracery. This is a common feature of church buildings of the time, and is commonly known as a rose window. You can see a similar example in the refractory at Bellapais.
The upper parts of the two towers suffered damage during the Ottoman bombardment of 1571 and when the Ottoman Turks captured the town from the Venetians, the cathedral was converted into a Mosque and a minaret was added.
The full name of the building today is the Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque. In accordance with Muslim religion all images of the human form in stone, fresco, or in stained glass windows were removed or plastered over. However, all aspects of the Gothic tracery have been preserved.
Outside the entrance, the old tree that you can see is a fig-mulberry. It is reputedly the oldest tree in Cyprus, having been planted around the same time that the cathedral was built.