Tkhina, also known as tahini , it’s also sesame paste or sesame paste — a thick creamy paste made from ground sesame seeds. This is a necessary component of many dishes, in particular, well-known falafel and hummus. Also on the basis of tahini make a variety of sauces.
The name of sesame paste is not quite stable: English it is called tahini (tahini) or tahina (tahina). This word comes from an ancient Arabic root, meaning “to grind.”
Sesame is grown in the East since ancient times. This culture is mentioned in cuneiform tablets, written about 2000 years BC. They tell of gods who drank sesame wine. The ancient Greek historian Herodotus writes that sesame was grown in the delta of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers; here they made sesame oil from it.
Thine as an integral part of hummus is mentioned in a recipe dated from the 13th century. This paste is used not only in Israel and the Middle East, but also in China, Korea, Japan, and India. In the twentieth century. it became popular in the West; in the United States, tahini began selling in health food stores in 1940.
What does Tahini consist of and how useful
The main ingredients of tahini are sesame seeds, lemon juice, salt and garlic. Olive oil and various spices are often added to this base: ground cumin, red pepper, parsley.
Tahini is a rich source of vitamins and minerals: it contains a lot of calcium, zinc, manganese, copper, phosphorus, vitamin B1, as well as many important amino acids, protein and fiber.
How to eat tahini
Tahini is one of the main meses. In addition to being part of many dishes, it is served as a sauce for meat or fish, as a sauce for falafel or just like pita or bread. Tahini is even used in the preparation of sweets – for example, halvah, halva ice cream and tahini cookies.