Hummus is a spread made from cooked, mashed chickpeas or other beans, blended with tahini, olive oil, lemon juice, salt and garlic. It is popular in the Middle East and Mediterranean, as well as in Middle Eastern cuisine around the globe. It can also be found in most grocery stores in North America and Europe.
Although there are a number of different theories and claims of origins in various parts of the Middle East, there is insufficient evidence to determine the precise location or time of the invention of hummus.
It is believed that chickpeas were grown in ancient Egypt. In particular, in the frescoes depicting Emperor Ehnaton, they found a branch of a plant resembling chickpeas. In Babylon and in the Roman Empire, according to some sources, they also tasted hummus. True, the inhabitants of the last country prepared him sweet. Note that from the Arabic “hummus” is translated as “chickpeas”.