The nomenclature name Callismon comes from the combination of the Greek word kallos – beautiful and stemon – stamen. The beauty of this, usually a low tree, is given precisely by the bright stamens collected in dense cylindrical inflorescences. Under protruding bright red, white, or pink threads of anther stamens, it is difficult to notice nondescript flowers; only sparkling pollen is seen in the eyes – long stamens.
In Cyprus, Callistemon came from Australia, and belongs to the family of Mirtovas, as well as Eucalyptus trees, which are planted in swampy areas in order to drain the land and fight against the associated swamps of malaria.
Callistemons are also phytoncide, like Eucalyptus – if you stretch a narrow hard leaf, the essential oil with lemon scent will stand out. These volatile substances help it to protect against weeds and pests, neither under Eucalyptus, nor under Callistemona, usually there is no vegetation, and there is no shadow either. The leaves are always oriented toward the sun to reduce heat and moisture loss.
Cypriots picnicking in the eucalyptus grove are at risk of getting a heat stroke, because such a shadow is weak protection from the fierce Cypriot sun. Yes, and essential oils in such a heat can cause a severe headache. In such groves it is good to walk in the morning, or in the evening, both it is more useful, and more pleasant.
An evergreen plant blooms in early summer, and attracts the sweet nectar of bees, bumblebees and birds. Even ordinary sparrows do not miss the opportunity to eat, well, and at home, in Australia, parrots are the most prominent visitors to callistemon “fitobars.”
Callistemons, who had just recently stepped over the ocean, quickly attracted the attention and sympathies of gardeners and landscapers. Beautiful flowers, ease of adaptation, fast growth are not all qualities for which they are happy to be bred in many parts of Europe, Asia and America.
City planners appreciated the diversity of forms – among Callistemon there are bushes, tall and stunted trees, rounded and weeping forms.
It turned out that they are very resistant to smog cities, and gassed roads, they control soil erosion, and heal the air, saturating it with phytoncides. True, salty splashes do not tolerate well on embankments, but there must be at least one drawback that is beautifully compensated for by beauty!
In Cyprus, you can admire the blooming Callistemons in spring and summer and in autumn.